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October Birth Flowers - Marigold and Cosmos

October Birth Flowers - Marigold and Cosmos


The October birth flowers are the marigold and the cosmos

October Birth Month Flower: The Marigold

Marigolds are often given as a sign of warm or fierce undying love or as a way of saying that you’re content to be with the recipient.  

There are about 50 species of marigolds that range in height from six inches to five feet tall.

No annual is more cheerful or easier to grow than marigolds. These flowers are the spendthrifts among annuals, showing a wealth of gold, copper, and brass into our summer and autumn gardens. The flower’s popularity probably derives in part from its ability to bloom brightly all summer long.

Marigolds have daisy-like or double, carnation-like flowerheads and are produced singly or in clusters. Although there are some 50 species, most marigolds we know come from just three:

  • Tagetes erecta are the tallest and most upright, at three to five feet. They are sometimes known as African, or American, marigolds. They thrive under hot, dry conditions.
  • Bushy T. patula, or French marigolds, are somewhat smaller and more compact. They are often wider than they are tall. Elegant and eye-catching, they have relatively demure flowers and usually grow from 6 inches to 2 feet tall.
  • The dainty T. tenuifolia are the signet, or rock-garden, marigolds that like hot, dry sites and make a wonderful edging. Their flowers are edible.

Marigolds have been sterotyped, but they offer tremendous variety. Both the African and French marigolds are generally aromatic, too.

French and signet types can be planted anytime through midsummer, but the tall American marigolds are best planted right away in the spring (after danger of frost is past) because they are slower to mature.

October Birth Month Flower: The Cosmos

Cosmos are a symbol of order, peace, and serenity. These semi-tall annuals are often planted along borders.

Cosmos will attract birds, bees, and butterflies to your garden

Cosmos are annuals, grown for their showy flowers. The flowerheads may be bowl– or open cup–shaped and sit atop long stems. Here’s how to grow cosmos flowers in your garden.

Cosmos are easy to grow and make good border or container plants. Cosmos flowers make for good decorations in flower arrangements and also attract birds, bees, and butterflies to your garden.

Cosmos produce 3- to 5-inch daisy-like flowers in various colors, including pink, orange, red and yellow, white, and maroon. These beautiful plants can reach 6 feet tall. 

Cosmos is the heart of a summer garden, and it adds a distinct elegance to bouquets in everything from jelly jars to silver urns.

Source - Almanac